Checking on Snowfall

One of the things I’m watching closely this year is the Sierra snowpack.  For the past several years with the drought, it was perfectly possible to tackle the JMT in June.  Snow on the JMT means that you’ll spend more time hiking up and down passes, as they’ll be slick and the trail may not be visible.  It also means you’ll be dealing with swift, high stream crossings, which can be very dangerous.

The last year with a considerably above normal snowpack was 2011.  That year, there was snow on passes into August.  If you want to check up on how the snowpack is, I like the following two links:

California Snow Water Equivalent Map

This site gives regional information about the percentage of the normal amount of snow the Sierra has gotten compared to this date in an average year and as compared to April 1st.

California Snow Water Content Chart

A great visualization where you can compare past years to this year.  Check out 1997-1998 for a similar El Nino year – looks like we’re on track for a snowy year!

Planning your first Backpacking Trip

When I first started backpacking, Andrew was already comfortable with camping and hiking.  He was an Eagle Scout and had planned (or helped plan) everything from overnight excursion to multi-day wilderness experiences.  I had been camping a few times as a child, but only in established modern campgrounds.  I have some tips on how to plan your first backpacking trip if you’ve never been before.

Go Car Camping First

Car camping is absolutely essential to do before backpacking for the first time.  It’s much lower stress, you can bring what you want, and you can bail if needed.  You can also more easily repurpose things you already have so you don’t have to purchase much before going out for the first time.  I would recommend going out at least two car camping trips before heading into the backcountry for the first time.

Across the country, there are different meanings for the word “campground.”  Generally, a “modernized” campground will have some spaces with electrical hookup for RVs, potable water, and full bathrooms.  These sites may be very tightly packed together or may be relatively quiet.  A “primitive” campground generally has no running water and definitely no electrical hookup.  These campsites tend to be more secluded and quiet and have less of a party atmosphere on busy summer weekends.

I like finding campsites for car camping that are shaded so my tent doesn’t overheat during the day.  I also like staying at tent only sites.  Your state’s state parks are a great place to start if you want to find interesting places to camp with a variety of  types of sites.

Find a Place to Go

After you’ve gone car camping a few times, you’ll need to find a place to go backpacking!  For your first trip, I highly recommend keeping the mileage low (less than 5 miles a day) and doing either an out and back or a loop for an overnight.  It can be difficult, depending upon where you live, to figure out where to go on your first trip.  Here’s some places to start:

  • has backpacking groups around the country.  Even if you don’t want to go with others, I still find that these groups have a wealth of information on past trips that are usually just a few hours drive away.  For example, in Wisconsin, the Fox Cities Backpacking group has years of past trips laid out, organized by difficulty.
  • State parks and forests, depending upon the state, may offer some short or long backpacking trails.  In Wisconsin, these sites are fairly limited, but there are few places to hike 2-3 miles in to a site, great for a first trip.
  • National forests offer dispersed (camp where you want) camping within some guidelines, such as being 200 feet off trail and away from water.  National forest land is available in many states, but tends to be more difficult to plan, and trails may double as logging roads or ATV trails.
  • National Parks are amazing, but may be significantly more difficult to plan.  Most parks with extensive backcountry trails expect that you’ve done some sort of backpacking before, so it may be easier to start elsewhere.

Once you’ve found where you want to go, ensure that you’re prepared to get any permits that you need for trip.  You will likely need to check in at some sort of a ranger station, who may have maps available.  Know if they do before you go!

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